By the end of 2019, national poultry production is estimated to grow 3% compared to 2018, with a total production of 6.4 million tons of food (chicken, turkey and egg).
Chicken production is prognosticate to grow 3% this year, closing with a production of 3.6 million tons. Egg production in Mexico, a 3% growth is estimated in 2019, which represents a proiduction of 2.9 million tons.
Poultry products are preferred by Mexican families, so it si estimated by the end of 2019, the percapita consumption of chicken reaches 28.75 kg. and the apparent consumption is 33.15 kg., while the per capita egg consumption reaches 23.22 kg. and the apparent 23.30 kg.
Industry behavior 2018
During 2018 the poultry industry continued to be the most dynamic livestock activity in the country, nowadays represents 63.3% of livestock production in Mexico, where 6 out of 10 kg. are poultry foods like chicken, egg and turkey.
In 2018 Mexican poultry farming contributed 0.89% of total GDP, 28.01 of agricultural GDP and 36.6% of livestock GDP.
From 2008 to 2019 the consumption of agricultural inputs has grown 18.2%, with an average annual growth rate of 1.7% from 2008 to 2019.
By the end of 2019, poultry farming is projected to generate 1 million 291 thousand Jobs, while 2018, poultry farming generated 1 million 272 thousand Jobs, with 1 million 60 thousand indirect and 212 thousand direct.
In 2018 the national poultry flock, grew by 2.1% compared to 2017, closing at 534 million birds. The national flock is made up of 161.1 million laying hens, 308 million chicken per cycle and 671 thousand turkeys per cycle.
In 2018, almost 3.5 million tons of chicken meat were produced. The egg production was 2.8 million tons and turkey 10 thousand 741 tons.
Chiken production in Mexico, has grown 21.6% during the period 2008 to 2018, with an average anual growth rate of 1.98%.
During 2018, the entities of the country with the highest production of chicken meat were: Veracruz, Aguascalientes, Querétaro, La Laguna (Coahuila y Durango), Jalisco, Puebla, Chiapas, Guanajuato, Yucatán, Estado de México, Sinaloa, Hidalgo, Morelos, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Michoacán y Sinaloa. In 2018, a total of 571 thousand 270 tons were imported.
Chiken commercialization in Mexico is carried out as presented below: alive 37%, roasted 37%, public market 9%, supermarket 3%, pieces 11% and value-added products 3%.
At the international level, our country ranks sixth in chicken production, behind countries such as: United States ( 19.3 million tons), Brazil (13.3 million tons), China (11.7 million tons), India (4.8 million tons) and Russia (4.7 million tons).
Regarding egg production in Mexico, it exceded 2.8 million tons at the end of 2018, which reflects a 1.8% decrease compared 2017. However, the growth in egg production in the period from 2008 to 2018 was 21%, with an average annual growth rate of 1.97%.
Currently, the largest egg-producing states in the country are: Jalisco, Puebla, Sonora, la Laguna (Coahuila y Durango), Yucatán, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa y Guanajuato.
The commercialization of the egg for plate, usually is done through three main ways: 77% is sold in bulk in the traditional and central supply markets, 15% in self-service stores in closed containers and the remaining 8%, is destined for use industrial.
With 127.3 million boxes, Mexico ranks as the third largest producer of eggs worlwide, after China (1,181.8 million boxes), USA (251.4 million boxes); our country is above RUssia, Japan, Brazil, Turkey and France. It is important to note that each egg box contains 360 units (30 dozen eggs).
Poultry products are of great importance for the food of our country, because 6 out of 10 people consume eggs and chicken in their diet, due to they are accesible foods, available to everyone and have a high nutritional content, making poultry farming one of the most important strategic sectors in Mexico.
In the contribution of protein by the livestock sector, chicken meat has a 39% share, followed by egg with 17%, that is, 56% between te two foods; followed by cow’s milk with 19%, beef 16% and pork 8%.
In Mexico Chicken per-capita consumption has increased during the period 2008 to 2018 21.6 kg., with an average anual growth rate of 1.98%. In 2018, a consumption of 32.5 kg. was recorded per capita, for 2019, it is estimated that the apparent consumption of chicken reaches 33.15 kg. per inhabitant.
Chicken meat has certain qualities that make it a market leader, for example: fresh produce, its variety of combinations with different flavors and versatility when preparing.
The per capita consumption of fresh eggs in 2018 was 22.98 kg. and for 2019 it is estimated to reach 23.30 kg. per capita. In period from 2008 to 2018 there was a growth of 21% with an average anual growth rate of 1.97%. Currently, Mexico is the main egg consumer worldwide. In second place is China with 18.90 kg., in third place is Russia with 18.63 kg., Colombia ranks fourth with 16.19 kg. and finally Argentina with 16.19 kg.